Bernard Lewis, p.9 3. The World of the Fatimids also marks the first major exhibition on the Fatimid dynasty to go on view in North America. Key Terms Sunni : The branch of Islam that believes that a caliph should be elected by Muslims or their representatives and that Abu Bakr was the first caliph. The Fāṭimid caliphate was a regime at once imperial and revolutionary. The Fatimid rulers saw themselves as rival caliphs to the Abbasids, and their avowed aim was to replace them as rulers of the entire Muslim world. mite A Muslim dynasty that ruled North Africa and parts of Egypt . The petty remnants of the Fatimid state were brought to a final end by the Sunni Saladin in 1171 A.D. FOOTNOTES. Umayyad (661-750 CE) - Under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, the Islamic Empire expanded rapidly to include much of northern Africa, western India, and Spain. [citation needed] At its height, in addition to Egypt, the caliphate included varying areas of the Maghreb, Sicily, the Levant and the Hejaz. The Fatimid Caliphate was an Isma'ili Shi'i caliphate, originally based in Tunisia, that extended its rule across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of its caliphate. Start studying AP world history Chapter 9. Hints of the Fatimids’ downfall lurk in various corners of the gallery. : a descendant of Fatima, a daughter of Muhammad, and Ali, the cousin of Muhammad and fourth caliph of Islam, regarded by the Shiʽites as a true heir to the caliphate especially : a member of the Fatimid dynasty ruling portions of North Africa during the period a.d. 909–1171. Major Caliphates. Fatimid (făt`ĭmĭd) or Fatimite (–ĭmīt), dynasty claiming to hold the caliphate caliphate, the rulership of Islam; caliph, the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state.In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
Key Terms Sunni : The branch of Islam that believes that a caliph should be elected by Muslims or their representatives and that Abu Bakr was the first caliph. Fatimid Empire and the Role of Shi-ism. The Fatimid rulers saw themselves as rival caliphs to the Abbasids, and their avowed aim was to replace them as rulers of the entire Muslim world. Dynastic struggles later caused its decline, and it ceased to … A major Ismaʿili Shiʿite dynasty, the Fatimids founded their own caliphate, in rivalry with the ʿAbbasids, and ruled over different parts of the Islamic world, from North Africa and Sicily to Palestine and Syria.

FATIMIDS, relations with Persia. During the 8th century, Islam spread throughout North Africa much like it had spread throughout the Middle East and Asia: quickly. Abbasid (750-1258 CE, 1261-1517 CE) - The Abbasids overthrew the Umayyads and established the Abbasid Caliphate in 750 CE. The Fatimid Caliphate was an Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. At its peak, it was one of the largest empires in the history of the world. The dynasty ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa, and it was under its rule that Egypt became the center of the caliphate. Buyids and Seljuqs In the 10th century a tribal group from northern Iran, the Buyids, swooped on Baghdad and more or less confined the caliphs to a ceremonial role while they wielded effective power.
Muslim armies conquered most of Arabia by 633, followed by north Africa, Mesopotamia, and Persia, significantly shaping the history of the world through the spread of Islam. At home, the caliph was a sovereign, governing a vast empire and seeking to expand it by normal military and political means.


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